Medical Education Law Blog

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Universities Turning to New Unconventional Strategies to Prevent Medical Errors

4 Indest-2009-3By George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law

A study by patient safety researchers published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) in 2016 revealed that common medical errors are now the third leading cause of death in the United States. Now, universities are looking to address this problem by focusing on ways of teaching students, clinicians and administrators to look at these problems in a new light.

Click here to read the study published in the BMJ.

Teaching a Martian to make a PB & J Sandwich.

These new programs focus on the importance of communicating medical directions. So, what does making a peanut butter and jelly sandwich have to do with preventing medical errors? Well, the program sheds new light on just how carefully worded medical directions need to be. For example, students in these new programs are directed to explain how to make the sandwich to someone who is completely unfamiliar with the English language, such as a Martian.

Simple directions become much more confusing to those who are not familiar with our ways of speaking. Donna Woods, an associate professor who directs this new course work, further elaborated on this concept by saying, “Invariably the student will write, ‘open the bag of bread’ and so the acting patient (the Martian) rips the bottom of the bag of bread instead of opening the twisty tie at the top of the bag.”

The new method is meant to teach the students that their directions can often be misunderstood and not carried out as intended. Therefore, medical professionals need to be aware of this and be very precise in their delivery of medical directions.

The Importance of Doctor-patient Communications.

The new course also focuses on doctor-patient communications and has implemented an unconventional method of teaching it. The class splits into two teams and are directed to build the tallest building possible. They are to build according to how the customer or in their case, the patient desires it. In this study, the patients were instructed to only reveal how they wanted their building to look if asked. This method highlights how in the hustle and bustle of the medical world, the act of asking patients what they need and want is often overlooked.

This type of course, paired with new methods, are designed to show students why the medical field can be so complicated and the ways in which they can improve it to avoid common medical errors.

To learn more on the dilemma of medical errors in the U.S., click here to read one of my prior blogs.

Contact Health Law Attorneys Experienced in Representing Health Care Professionals and Providers.

At the Health Law Firm we provide legal services for all health care providers and professionals. We represent physicians accused of wrongdoing, in patient complaints and in Department of Health investigations. This includes physicians, nurses, dentists, psychologists, psychiatrists, mental health counselors, Durable Medical Equipment suppliers, medical students and interns, hospitals, ambulatory surgical centers, pain management clinics, nursing homes, and any other healthcare provider. We represent facilities, individuals, groups and institutions in contracts, sales, mergers and acquisitions.

The lawyers of The Health Law Firm are experienced in both formal and informal administrative hearings and in representing physicians in investigations and at Board of Medicine and Board of Osteopathic Medicine hearings.

To contact The Health Law Firm, please call (407) 331-6620 and visit our website at www.ThehealthLawFirm.com.

Sources:

Sweltlitz, Ike. “Teaching a Martian to make a sandwich helps clinicians catch medical errors.” The Boston Globe. (November 7, 2016). Web.

White, Jesse. “5 strategies for hospitals to prevent medical errors.” Healthcare Business Technology. (May 19, 2016). Web.

About the Author: George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., is Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law. He is the President and Managing Partner of The Health Law Firm, which has a national practice. Its main office is in the Orlando, Florida, area. www.TheHealthLawFirm.com The Health Law Firm, 1101 Douglas Ave., Altamonte Springs, FL 32714, Phone: (407) 331-6620.

Key Words: New course work to prevent medical errors, medical errors in the health care field, legal representation for medical errors, importance of communicating medical directions, importance of doctor-patient communications, medical errors defense attorney, medical negligence defense attorney, legal representation for health care professionals, legal representation for medical students, legal representation for medical fellows, legal representation for medical residents, medical student defense attorney, defense attorney for medical fellows and residents, reviews of The Health Law Firm, The Health Law Firm attorney reviews

“The Health Law Firm” is a registered fictitious business name of and a registered service mark of The Health Law Firm, P.A., a Florida professional service corporation, since 1999.
Copyright © 2016 The Health Law Firm. All rights reserved.

By |2016-11-23T16:09:00+00:00May 15th, 2018|Medical Education Law Blog|0 Comments

What Medical Students Need to Know About a Finding of “Irregular Behavior” on a USMLE Step Transcript – Part One

i4Perfection150429-1A6A0291-Edit-EditBy Ritisha K. Chhaganlal, J.D. and George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health

The United States Medical Licensee Examination (USMLE) Step exams are a major component of students’ journey through medical school.  Most students focus on preparing a study plan and earning the ideal score to get into a residency program of their choice.  However, many medical students are not aware of the potentially career-damaging finding of “Irregular Behavior” on their USMLE Step transcript.

In this two-part series blog, we will discuss what constitutes irregular behavior and what the next course of action should be if there is a finding of irregular behavior.

What is Irregular Behavior?

In short, irregular behavior is typically regarded as cheating by medical school officials and residency program directors, even though it is not exactly the same thing.  Any such finding will be stamped on a USMLE transcript with a detailed letter of explanation attached to it.  This letter may come from the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME), the USMLE, or the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG).  Regardless of the organization it came from, the letter alleging irregular behavior typically states the following:

-A bulletin or policy related to the exam stating that irregular behavior is not permitted.

-The facts alleging irregular behavior in this case.

-The opportunity to respond to the allegations, in person, with counsel.

What a Finding of Irregular Behavior Can Mean for Medical Students.

A finding of irregular behavior can be a career ending event.  At the very least, it may delay graduation from medical school.  It may also disqualify medical graduates from many jobs or residency positions.  Additionally, USMLE Step scores are withheld from the test-taker while the USMLE Committee reviews the matter, or until a hearing has been held.

If a finding of irregular behavior is made, then usually the test-taker’s best score is voided and he or she must retake the exam.  The USMLE committee may also require the test-taker to wait a year or more to retake the exam.  Further, the finding of irregular behavior will be stamped on the test-taker’s USMLE transcript and visible to anyone that views it.

Conduct Defined as “Irregular Behavior.”

The USMLE defines “irregular behavior” as conduct that includes (but is not limited to) the following:

(1)    Seeking, providing, or obtaining unauthorized access to examination materials;

(2)    Providing false information, making false statements, or similar conduct in relation to application forms, scheduling permits, or related documents;

(3)    Taking an examination when the examinee is not really eligible for it (or attempting to do so);

(4)    Impersonating another test-taker or engaging a different person to take the examination for the actual applicant;

(5)    Obtaining, giving, or receiving assistance during the examination or attempting to do so (except for certain authorized acts);

(6)    Making notes in the secure areas of the test center, except for notes on the writing materials provided at the test center for this purpose;

(7)    Failing to comply with or follow any USMLE policy, procedure, or rule;

(8)    Failing to follow instructions of the test center staff;

(9)    Abuse or harassment (verbal or physical) of test center staff or any other disruptive or unprofessional behavior at the test center;

(10)    Being in possession of any unauthorized materials, including photographic equipment, or communication or recording devices, including electronic paging devices and cellular telephones, in the secure testing areas;

(11)    Changing or misrepresenting your examination scores to others;

(12)    The unauthorized reproduction of any examination materials or dissemination of them by any means, including via the Internet (this includes, for example memorizing them and repeating them, restructuring them, discussing the actual questions and answers, etc.). Note: all test questions and testing materials are copyrighted. You could be prosecuted or sued for violation of the NBME’s copyrights, and this has actually happened; and

(13)    Communicating or attempting to communicate about specific test questions, answers, items, or cases with any other examinee, potential examinee, or preparation group at any time.

Other Negative Findings by USMLE That May Be Detrimental.

In addition to irregular behavior, USMLE has also accused a test-taker of “Anomalous Results.”  This means that a test-taker made answer selections that look suspect (i.e., putting down answer choice “C” for every question).  For more information about other negative findings by USMLE, contact our office.

Stay tuned for the second part of this two-part blog series on irregular behavior where we will discuss the steps that are recommended to combat a finding of irregular behavior.

Comments?

Have you been accused of irregular behavior? How did you handle this allegation? Do you think a report of irregular behavior would hurt your professional career in any way?

Contact a Health Care Attorney that is Experienced in the Representation of Medical Students, Interns, Residents and Applicants, Fellows and Those Involved in Graduate Medical Education.

The Health Law Firm and its attorneys represent interns, residents, fellows and medical school students in disputes with their medical schools, supervisors, residency programs and in dismissal hearings. We have experience representing such individuals and those in graduate medical education programs in the following areas: in various disputes regarding their academic and clinical performance, allegations of substance abuse, failure to complete integral parts training, alleged false or incomplete statements on applications, allegations of impairment (because of abuse or addiction to drugs or alcohol or because of mental or physical issues), discrimination due to race, sex, national origin, sexual orientation and any other matters, reviewing and negotiating contracts, preparing contracts, helping employers and employees enforce contracts, advice on setting aside or voiding contracts, litigation of contracts (in state or federal court), business transactions, professional license defense, opinion letters, representation in investigations, fair hearing defense, representation in peer review and clinical privileges hearings, litigation of restrictive covenants (covenants not to compete).

To contact The Health Law Firm, please call (407) 331-6620 and visit our website at www.TheHealthLawFirm.com.

4 Indest-2009-3About the Authors: Ritisha K. Chhaganlal, J.D., is an attorney with The Health Law Firm.  George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., is Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law.  He is the President and Managing Partner of The Health Law Firm, which has a national practice.  Its main office is in the Orlando, Florida area.  www.TheHealthLawFirm.com The Health Law Firm, 1101 Douglas Ave., Altamonte Springs, FL 32714, Phone: (407) 331-6620.

KeyWords: United States Medical Licensee Examination (USMLE) Step exams, irregular behavior, graduate medical education (GME), medical graduate attorney, Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), graduate medical education attorney, lawyer for medical students, medical resident attorney, residency program legal dispute, residency program litigation, medical school litigation, legal representation for medical residents, medical students legal counsel, National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) lawyer, health law attorney, The Health Law Firm, Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG), anomalous results, USMLE Step transcript

“The Health Law Firm” is a registered fictitious business name of George F. Indest III, P.A. – The Health Law Firm, a Florida professional service corporation, since 1999.

Copyright © 1996-2016 The Health Law Firm. All rights reserved.

 

By |2016-01-28T16:13:13+00:00May 15th, 2018|Medical Education Law Blog|0 Comments

Investigating Caribbean Medical Schools for USMLE Irregularities

4 Indest-2009-3By George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law

We are asking whether the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME), perhaps acting through the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG), is investigating Caribbean medical schools such as Ross University School of Medicine, Dominica, West Indies (RUSM); Aureus University School of Medicine, Aruba (AUSM); American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine, St. Maarten (AUCSM); Atlantic University School of Medicine, St. Lucia (AUSOM); or others, based on recent potential client consultations. We have had recent reports that seem to indicate at least one such investigation might be ongoing and relate to allegations that students may have been advised to falsify information provided on applications to take the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE), Step 1, Step 2CK and Step 2CS.

Providing incorrect. incomplete or false information on an application to take one of the Step examinations is, of course, defined as “irregular behavior.”  This is a term used by the USMLE to refer to a number of different types of situations.  Please see a previous blog I wrote on this subject by clicking here.

Unfortunately, if you are accused of irregular behavior and you are not successful at disproving this charge, your transcript of USMLE step examination test scores will be marked with an entry of “Irregular Behavior.”  It is on there for life.  To someone reading this transcript, this often is interpreted the same as “Cheater.”  We have heard from those who have suffered this outcome that it has prevented them from matching for residencies and obtaining jobs.  To see another blog I wrote about this, click here.

From what we have been able to piece together, there are allegations that one or more staff members at one or more Caribbean medical schools advised to delete any reference to a prior medical school attended on that person’s application to take a Step examination.  Why this could have been done, we can only speculate.

Regardless, we have been informed that officials from one or more of the organizations involved in approving those who sit for the Step exams have been requesting affidavits from students relating to all of the facts and circumstances surrounding such advice from a medical school employee.  In another case, we have seen a written request from one of the organizations for any information regarding any conversations that student had with officials at two different Caribbean Universities, including complete details.

The last such big scale investigation of which we were aware centered around the now defunct Optima University prep course cheating scandal involving hundreds of foreign medical graduates.  To read an article I wrote on this, click here:

To see a blog I wrote on this, click here:

Hopefully, this matter will not turn out to be as serious as the Optima University matter was.

For some tips on preparing for a hearing to defend against allegations of irregular behavior, see this prior blog I wrote by clicking here.

Regardless, if you are approached by an investigator, receive a letter asking for an affidavit or statement from you or if you are accused of irregular behavior, please at least consult with a good, experienced attorney who knows about such matters before you do anything else.

What characteristics should you be looking for in an attorney to represent you in such cases?  Here are some questions I suggest you ask or research to obtain answers to before hiring an attorney.

1.
  What is your legal specialty?  Do you have one?  Is it recognized as a legal specialty by your state Bar association and supreme court?

2. 
Are you familiar with the NBME, USMLE and ECFMG, and hearings on irregular behavior?  Explain.

3.  How many hearings have you done where you appeared before a committee on irregular behavior of the ECFMG or NBME?

4.  How many physicians have you represented and in what types of cases?

5.  How long have you been practicing law?

 6.  Have you ever been disciplined by your state bar or any court or organization before which you practiced? (Research this one for yourself.)

Contact Experienced Health Law Attorneys.

The Health Law Firm routinely represents pharmacists, pharmacies, physicians, nurses and other health providers in investigations, regulatory matters, licensing issues, litigation, inspections and audits involving the DEA, Department of Health (DOH) and other law enforcement agencies. Its attorneys include those who are board certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law as well as licensed health professionals who are also attorneys.

To contact The Health Law Firm, please call (407) 331-6620 or (850) 439-1001 and visit our website at www.TheHealthLawFirm.com.

About the Author: George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law is an attorney with The Health Law Firm, which has a national practice. Its main office is in the Orlando, Florida, area. www.TheHealthLawFirm.com  The Health Law Firm, 1101 Douglas Avenue, Altamonte Springs, Florida 32714, Phone: (407) 331-6620.

Keywords: Irregular behavior hearing, Step 1 Exam, Step 2 Exam, investigation by National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME), medical students, medical resident, irregular behavior, committee for individual review (CIR) defense attorney, United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE), Reviews of The Health Law Firm, Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG), cheating, USMLE preparation course, USMLE hearings, USMLE appeals, foreign medical student defense lawyer, medical graduate defense attorney, defense lawyer for doctors, legal representation fro physicians, residents and intern legal representation, health care attorney, health care lawyer, Atlantic University School of Medicine (AUSOM) student lawyer, Aureus University School of Medicine (AUSM) student attorney; American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine student legal representation; Ross University School of Medicine, (RUSM) student lawyer, medical student lawyer, medical student attorney, medical resident lawyer, medical resident attorney, medical intern lawyer, medical intern attorney, civil proceeding, criminal proceeding, administrative proceeding, medical administrative hearings, administrative law, medical student legal defense counsel, medical resident lawyer, medical resident defense attorney, medical intern lawyer, medical intern attorney, accused of irregular behavior, The Health Law Firm reviews,

“The Health Law Firm” is a registered fictitious business name of and a registered service mark of The Health Law Firm, P.A., a Florida professional service corporation, since 1999.
Copyright © 2016 The Health Law Firm. All rights reserved

By |2016-12-23T06:00:22+00:00May 15th, 2018|Medical Education Law Blog|0 Comments

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center Enters Business Alliance to Expand Into Florida

Attorney George F. Indest III HeadshotBy George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law

On Wednesday, February 10, 2016, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) and Miami Cancer Institute at Baptist Health South Florida (Baptist) announced a new “Cancer Alliance.” This unique alliance gives MSK a chance to expand its reach to Florida and bring the latest in clinical trials along with it. Hospitals such as Baptist, benefit greatly from Sloan-Kettering’s resources and impressive reputation. Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center is one of the most renowned cancer centers in the world and rated second for cancer care in the nation, according to a report by U.S. News & World.

Alliance Fulfills Fundamental Needs of Cancer Care in Florida.

Community hospitals in Florida, such as Baptist not only benefit from new resources, they will now have access to MSK’s physicians, latest treatment protocols and education resources. Baptist President and CEO Brian E. Keeley said its collaboration with MSK will save lives by bringing evidence-based, world-class treatment to its seven hospitals and more than 50 outpatient facilities throughout South Florida.

Baptist, which is based in Miami, is building a new $430 million cancer center on its main campus. It will feature South Florida’s first proton therapy center and will host advanced cancer fighting technologies.

Benefits For Both Institutions.

Baptist is not the only institution gaining from the alliance. MSK will gain access to hundreds of patients across the country for which clinical trials may be beneficial. The New York-based hospital will collaborate with physicians at Baptist on cancer treatments and clinical trials to introduce the latest and greatest therapies. In a statement, Dr. Craig B. Thompson, president and CEO of MSK said, “Today, we recognize the need to do more. Central to our mission is eradicating cancer, and through the MSK Cancer Alliance – and in collaboration with Miami Cancer Institute – we have a unique opportunity to share our knowledge and best practices with a wider patient population.”

In addition, clinical trials often attract more patients who are facing rare cancers and do not respond to conventional treatments. Which in return, gives the local hospitals the ability to gain valuable experience and become a well-known resource themselves.

To read the press release issued by MSK, click here.

Contact Health Law Attorneys Experienced in Representing Health Care Professionals and Providers.

At The Health Law Firm we provide legal services for all health care providers and professionals. This includes physicians, nurses, dentists, psychologists, psychiatrists, mental health counselors, Durable Medical Equipment suppliers, medical students and interns, hospitals, ambulatory surgical centers, pain management clinics, nursing homes, and any other health care provider. We represent facilities, individuals, groups and institutions in contracts, sales, mergers and acquisitions.

To contact The Health Law Firm, please call (407) 331-6620 and visit our website at www.TheHealthLawFirm.com.

Sources:

Goldberg, Dan. “Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Alliance Expands to Florida.” Politico New York/AHLA. (February 10, 2016). Web.

Bendell, Brian. “Baptist Health’s cancer institute aligns with Memorial Sloan Kettering.” South Florida Business Journal. (February 10, 2016). Web.

About the Author: George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., is Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law. He is the President and Managing Partner of The Health Law Firm, which has a national practice. Its main office is in the Orlando, Florida area. www.TheHealth Lawfirm.com The Health Law Firm, 1101 Douglas Ave., Altamonte Springs, FL 32714, Phone; (407) 331-6620

KeyWords: Cancer Alliance, cancer business collaboration, Memorial Sloan-Kettering (MSK), Baptist Health South Florida (Baptist), Miami Cancer Institute, cancer research, clinical trials, advanced cancer therapies, advanced cancer fighting technologies, clinical trial defense attorney, health law attorney, Florida health lawyer, The Health Law Firm

“The Health Law Firm” is a registered fictitious business name of George F. Indest III, P.A. – The Health Law Firm, a Florida professional service corporation, since 1999.
Copyright © 2016 The Health Law Firm. All rights reserved.

By |2018-07-06T01:54:24+00:00May 15th, 2018|Medical Education Law Blog|0 Comments

Hospital Negligence Lawsuit Dropped by Florida High Court

The Health Law Firm Attorney George F. Indest III HeadshotBy George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law

On November 30, 2016, The Florida Supreme Court announced the decision to dismiss a negligence suit filed against a hospital over the death of patient Ashley Lawson.  Lawson escaped from Shands Teaching Hospital and Clinic, Inc.  The Shands psychiatric hospital is now known as the UF Health Shands Psychiatric Hospital and is located in Gainesville, Florida.

The main legal issue in this case was whether the conduct of the hospital was ordinary negligence or was medical negligence (medical malpractice).  In Florida, if the facts alleged constitute a claim for simple negligence, then there are no pre-suit proceedings required, no medical expert witnesses required, and it is usually much easier and much less expensive to try the case.  However, if the facts stated in the suit are medical negligence allegations, then there are a number of procedural hurdles that a plaintiff must overcome.  Additionally, the case is usually much more expensive and time consuming to try.

Patient Was Mentally Ill.

Ashley Lawson was admitted to the hospital on November 1, 2012, because of a psychiatric illness, impulsive behavior, drug abuse and several suicide attempts, according to reports.  According to her estate’s initial jurisdictional brief, Lawson was transferred to the locked impatient unit at Shands for her own safety.

Lawson Allegedly Freed Herself.

According to reports, an employee’s badge and keys were left unattended, which gave Lawson the opportunity to free herself and escape on January 23, 2013.  Lawson died soon after she had escaped.  She was struck and killed by a tractor trailer on Interstate 75.

A Request To Reconsider The Ruling.

On November 15, 2016, the Florida Supreme Court abandoned its denial of a motion from defendant-appellee Shands Teaching Hospital and Clinics, Inc. asking it to reconsider its ruling from September 13, 2016.  The earlier ruling denied a motion for voluntary dismissal filed by the plaintiff, the Estate of Ashley Lawson.  The court’s earlier denials had decided not to dismiss the case by a 4 to 3 split decision, with Chief of Justice Jorge Labarga and Justices Barbara J. Pariente, James F.C. Perry and R. Fred Lewis in the majority and Justices Ricky Polston, Charles Canady and Peggy Quince dissenting.

Since the ruling on November 15, 2016, Lawson’s estate had relinquished its right to file a brief on the merits, noting that the parties are “contractually prohibited from further litigation in this matter.”  This language seems to indicate that a settlement had been reached between the parties.  Shands Hospital filed a motion on November 27, 2016, looking for instructions on its due process rights and its counsel’s duty to proceed.  Shands stated:  “Respondent believes it should be entitled to submit a merits brief to this court and present oral argument since, as this court has made apparent through its orders, it views this case as involving an important issue of statewide impact.”

Where Do You Draw The Line?

This case in particular has raised questions on where the line should be drawn between medical negligence and ordinary negligence.  However, in the motion for reconsideration, Shands Hospital stated that there was no certification of a question of great public importance or a certified district conflict made in the lower court’s decision in the case.

Shands Hospital’s motion to dismiss the case had been denied by the trial court.  Shands then appealed the Florida First District Court of Appeal. The three-judge panel on the Court of Appeal was unable to come up with a definitive result, so the entire Court of Appeal decided to review the case and final reached a 8-6 decision to trump the lower court’s denial.

After that, Lawson’s estate brought the case to the Florida Supreme Court, seeking reversal based on its argument that the First District Court of Appeal’s decision allegedly conflicted with two Fifth District Court of Appeal decisions on what constitutes ordinary negligence versus medical malpractice (medical negligence).  The estate asked for an extension to file its initial merits brief, stating that the parties were discussing a settlement. On July 28, 2016, the estate filed a notice for voluntary dismissal because a deal was in place.

The Supreme Court took the position that the settlement notwithstanding, the Supreme Court should move forward with the case.  Court’s will often do this when they expect that the legal question will come up again and again in the future, unless they go ahead and decide it.

Contact Experienced Health Law Attorneys.

The Health Law Firm routinely represents physicians, nurses and other health providers in investigations, regulatory matters, licensing issues, litigation, inspections and audits involving the DEA, Department of Health (DOH) and other law enforcement agencies. Its attorneys include those who are board certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law as well as licensed health professionals who are also attorneys.  We represent medical students, interns, residents, and fellows in disputes with their graduate medical education (GME) programs.  We represent clinical professors and instructors in contract disputes, employment disputes, clinical privileges matters and other disputes with their employers.  We often act as the physician’s personal counsel in medical malpractice litigation.

To contact The Health Law Firm, please call (407) 331-6620 or (850) 439-1001 and visit our website at www.TheHealthLawFirm.com

Sources:
“Shands Teaching Hospital and Clinic Inc. v. Estate of Ashley Lawson.” FindLaw. (August 28, 2015). Web.

Hale, Nathan. “In Shift, Fla. High Court Drops Hospital Negligence Suit.” Law360. (November 30, 2016). Web.

“Justice Won’t Drop Case In Shands Vista Patients Death.” The Gainesville Sun. (September 16, 2016). Web.

“Court Sides With Hospital In Death of Escaped Patient.” Health News Florida. (August 31, 2015). Web.

About the Author: George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law is an attorney with The Health Law Firm, which has a national practice. Its main office is in the Orlando, Florida, area. www.TheHealthLawFirm.com  The Health Law Firm, 1101 Douglas Avenue, Altamonte Springs, Florida 32714, Phone: (407) 331-6620.

KeyWords:  Reviews of The Health Law Firm, health care lawyer, legal representation for mental health professionals, The Health Law Firm reviews, health law attorney, legal representation for health care professionals, medical malpractice defense lawyer, health care provider defense attorney, The Health Law Firm, mental health counselor defense attorney, psychologist defense attorney, physician defense lawyer, mental health professional defense attorney, board of mental health counselors defense lawyer, board of psychology defense attorney, health law, complex mental health litigation attorney, psychiatrist defense counsel, Florida physician defense attorney,
Colorado physician defense lawyer, Virginia doctor’s defense attorney, Louisiana physician defense legal counsel, Kentucky doctor’s defense lawyer, District of Columbia (D.C.) physician defense attorney

“The Health Law Firm” is a registered fictitious business name of and a registered service mark of The Health Law Firm, P.A., a Florida professional service corporation, since 1999.
Copyright © 2018 The Health Law Firm. All rights reserved.

By |2018-06-21T22:37:37+00:00May 15th, 2018|Medical Education Law Blog|0 Comments

Contracting 101: Tips for Physicians and Health Professionals – Part 3

Attorney George F. Indest III Headshot By George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law

This blog is the first in a series intended to provide an introductory review of the basics of contracting for medical graduates entering the work force as residents and fellows, primarily by discussing employment agreements. We will highlight many of the common provisions found in employment contracts, along with many of the mistakes and pitfalls that we see in our day-to-day practice.

By the end of this series it is our hope that medical graduates will better understand the common language and terms found in employment contracts for professionals. These tips purpose to assist new professionals in recognizing common mistakes made by physicians and health professionals when negotiating contract terms. We hope to help make both employers and employees more knowledgeable about employment contracts so they can avoid potential problem areas and legal entanglements.

Our comments here are meant to provide general rules we have learned from our experience. However, please remember, every situation is different and there are exceptions to every rule. These tips are not intended to constitute legal advice. We recommend contacting an experienced health attorney for questions or concerns regarding specific employment contracts, or to thoroughly review all of the contract terms prior to acceptance.

The first part of the series can be found here. The second part of the series can be found here.

Tip 6 – Be Sure That You Receive a Signed, Dated Copy Back Before You First Start Working.

If you are an employee, be sure that you receive a copy of the contract back that has actually been signed and dated by the employer. One of the most common legal problems we encounter when we consult with an employee whose employer has broken the contract is the absence of a signed or dated copy of the contract. Anyone can type up a blank contract. There may be many preliminary drafts of a contract that are not agreed to or executed by the parties. How can you prove that this is the actual agreement between the parties if you do not have a copy that is signed by the parties?

Tip 7 – Make Sure That all Exhibits, Schedules, Addendums and Referenced Documents are Attached to the Contract.

We often see contracts which refer to attached exhibits for job requirements, bonus calculations, benefits, employer handbooks, employer code of ethics or conduct, etc. However, in many cases these are not completed or not attached to the contract when it is signed. Make sure that any documents that are referred to by the contract are actually attached to it and are completed.

These are part of the contract. Your copy of the contract is not complete without them.

Tip 8 – Amend the Contract, By Hand if Necessary, to Make It Consistent with the Agreement of the Parties.

A contract is not a sacred document. You may write on it, if necessary, to amend it. You may also attach separate handwritten amendments to it. Just make sure any handwritten changes on the contract itself are initialed by each party. Make sure any amendments attached to it are signed and dated by each party to the contract. Remember, also, that the changes must be understandable. If a judge is later called on to read it and interpret it, it must be clear to the judge.

Under the general rules used to construe contracts, typed changes and amendments to preprinted forms take precedence over the preprinted portions. Handwritten changes and amendments take precedence over typed or preprinted portions, and spelled out numbers and dates supercede numerical ones (if there is a conflict). However, there must be evidence that these were agreed to by both parties (such as initials or signatures prove).

Future Blogs on Employment Contracting.

In our future blogs, we will continue to provide tips on various issues to watch for in health care employment contracts.

Contact a Health Care Attorney Experienced in Negotiating and Evaluating Physician and Health Professional’s Business Transactions.

At the Health Law Firm we provide legal services for all health care providers and professionals. This includes physicians, nurses, dentists, psychologists, psychiatrists, mental health counselors, durable medical equipment suppliers (DME), medical students and interns, hospitals, ambulatory surgical centers, pain management clinics, nursing homes, and any other health care provider.

The services we provide include reviewing and negotiating contracts, preparing contracts, helping employers and employees enforce contracts, advice on setting aside or voiding contracts, litigation of contracts (in start or federal court), business transactions, professional license defense, opinion letters, representation in investigations, fair hearing defense, representation in peer review and clinical privileges hearings, litigation of restrictive covenant (covenants not to compete), Medicare and Medicaid audits, commercial litigation, and administrative hearings.

To contact The Health Law Firm, please call (407) 331-6620 or (850) 439-1001 and visit our website at www.TheHealthLawFirm.com.

About the Author: George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., is Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law. He is the President and Managing Partner of The Health Law Firm, which has a national practice. Its main office is in the Orlando, Florida, area. www.TheHealthLawFirm.com The Health Law Firm, 1101 Douglas Ave., Altamonte Springs, FL 32714, Phone: (407) 331-6620.

KeyWords: physician employment agreement, physician employment contract, health professional contracting, negotiating business transactions, physician contracts, contracting tips, contract attorney, business law attorney, business lawyer, contract lawyer, contract litigation, business litigation, contract terms, physician agreements, business transactions, restrictive covenants, noncompetition agreements, covenants not to compete, business ventures

“The Health Law Firm” is a registered fictitious business name of George F. Indest III, P.A. – The Health Law Firm, a Florida professional service corporation, since 1999.
Copyright © 2016 The Health Law Firm. All rights reserved.

By |2018-07-09T19:57:06+00:00May 15th, 2018|Medical Education Law Blog|0 Comments

Texas Appeals Court Affirms$1.37 Million in Sanctions Against Doctor who Sued Hospital Former Employers

Attorney George F. Indest III Headshot By George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law

On November 16, 2016, an appeals court in Texas affirmed a $1.37 million sanction against a doctor. The physician was ordered to pay the fine after the dismissal of a defamation lawsuit he filed against his former employers. The decision affirmed that the actions of his former employers, Baylor College of Medicine (Baylor) and Texas Children’s Hospital, did not cause the litigation fees which the court assessed to the doctor as sanctions.

The case had previously made its way up to the Texas Supreme Court, which makes the November 16, 2016, opinion the second time the Texas Fourteenth Court of Appeals has weighed in on the case. Additionally, it is the second time it has held the sanctions were merited for Dr. Rahul K. Nath.

The Back Story of the Case.

According to the opinion, Dr. Nath was employed by Baylor as a plastic surgeon and was affiliated with Texas Children’s Hospital. He was fired in 2004 and in February 2006 filed a lawsuit against his former supervisor at Baylor and Texas Children’s. According to court documents, Dr. Nath had accused his former supervisor of making defamatory statements about him after he stopped working. The alleged defamatory statements included that Dr. Nath had been fired, was unqualified and lacked professional ethics and integrity. (Note: We are just stating what was alleged in the lawsuit.)

To read the opinion in full, click here.

Were the Former Employers Responsible for the Accumulated Attorney and Litigation Fees?

The court was considering whether the behavior of Baylor or Texas Children’s was ultimately responsible for the fees accumulated litigation fees and expenses in the case. Previously, the trial court found that both Texas Children’s and Baylor’s actions had not caused the expenses for which Dr. Nath was sanctioned. The trial court wrote that the amount was appropriate as it was “far less” than the actual fees incurred by either party in defending Dr. Nath’s claims.

On appeal, Dr. Nath argued that the trial court hadn’t held a proper evidentiary inquiry, that it had based its sanctions award on “conclusory and self-serving” affidavits. Dr. Nath claimed that he was wrongly denied discovery in the case. To learn more about Dr. Nath’s challenge, click here.

Despite Dr. Nath’s arguments, the Fourteenth Court disagreed, holding that the trial court followed the exact instructions from the Supreme Court before deciding to impose the sanctions. Additionally, the court found that there was evidence in the record to support the conclusion that neither Texas Children’s nor Baylor’s conduct caused the expenses that were passed on to Dr. Nath as sanctions.

Adequate Supporting Evidence.

The first time the case came before the Fourteenth Court of Appeals, it affirmed the sanctions against Dr. Nath. The high court held that there was evidence to support the trial court’s finding of bad faith and improper purpose on Dr. Nath’s part with regard to certain filings in the case.

Dr. Nath appealed, and the Texas Supreme Court held that the trial court didn’t abuse its discretion in finding the doctor had exercised bad faith and improper purpose in certain filings. The high court remanded it back to the trial court to consider to what extent, if any, Texas Children’s and Baylor’s actions may have “caused the expenses for which recovery is sought.”

After a hearing, the trial court determined that neither employer’s behavior caused the expenses, and again imposed the sanctions against Nath. In appealing that ruling to the Fourteenth Court of Appeals, Dr. Nath argued that the trial court had made procedural errors in hearings and evidence submission in reaffirming the sanctions.

The trial court granted Texas Children’s and Baylor’s motions in June 2010, and also sanctioned Dr. Nath $726,000 for a portion of Texas Children’s fees in defending the suit and $644,500 for a portion of Baylor’s. The Fourteenth Court of Appeals affirmed that ruling, and Dr. Nath appealed to the state Supreme Court.
To learn more about defamatory statements and how to handle such claims, click here to read one of my prior blogs.

Contact Experienced Health Law Attorneys.

The Health Law Firm routinely represents pharmacists, pharmacies, physicians, nurses and other health providers in Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) investigations, Medicare Audit defense, regulatory matters, licensing issues, litigation, inspections and audits involving the DEA, Department of Health (DOH) and other law enforcement agencies. Its attorneys include those who are board certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law as well as licensed health professionals who are also attorneys.

To contact The Health Law Firm, please call (407) 331-6620 or (850) 439-1001 and visit our website at www.TheHealthLawFirm.com.

Sources:

Knaub, Kelly. “Texas Appeals Court Affirms Doc’s $1.3M Sanction.” Law360. (November 16, 2016). Web.

Knaub, Kelly. “Doc To Challenge $1.3M Sanction Before Texas High Court.” Law360. (January 15, 2014). Web.

“Texas Appeals Court Affirms Doc’s $1.3M Sanction.” LexisNexis. (November 16, 2016). Web.

About the Author: George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law is an attorney with The Health Law Firm, which has a national practice. Its main office is in the Orlando, Florida, area. www.TheHealthLawFirm.com The Health Law Firm, 1101 Douglas Avenue, Altamonte Springs, Florida 32714, Phone: (407) 331-6620.

KeyWords: Legal representation for health care professionals, health law defense attorney, legal representation for defamatory statements against health care professionals, legal representation for defamation lawsuit against a healthcare professional, healthcare litigation defense attorney, legal counsel for health care professionals, Legal representation for clients involved in the health care industry, reviews of The Health Law Firm, The Health Law Firm attorney reviews, The Health Law Firm
“The Health Law Firm” is a registered fictitious business name of and a registered service mark of The Health Law Firm, P.A., a Florida professional service corporation, since 1999.
Copyright © 2017 The Health Law Firm. All rights reserved.

By |2018-07-09T19:54:20+00:00May 15th, 2018|Medical Education Law Blog|0 Comments

Study Finds States That Allow Medical Marijuana May Have Less Opioid Use

8 Indest-2008-5By George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law

On September 15, 2016, a new study was released from Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, that suggests people in states that allow medical marijuana may be using fewer opioid painkillers. Researchers analyzed crash data in 18 states from 1999 to 2013 and revealed that states that allow medical marijuana use saw a reduction in opioid involvement in fatal car accidents.

The Relationship Between Medical Marijuana Laws and Opioid Use.

The study, published in the American Journal of Public Health, is the first look at how the relationship of medical marijuana laws might affect the use of opioid painkillers. “After the implementation of a medical marijuana law, there appears to be less opioid use, at least among young and middle-aged adults,” study lead author June Kim said. He’s a graduate student in epidemiology at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health in New York City.

The researchers used data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System database of about 69,000 drivers from 18 states who died in auto accidents between the years 1999 and 2013. Tests for alcohol and other drugs had been conducted on the drivers.

In states where medical marijuana law was legal and easily accessible, the study found that drivers between the ages of 21 and 40, had almost half the chances of testing positive for opioid painkillers, than those who crashed before such a law was implemented. The results further add to evidence suggesting that patients with chronic pain may substitute marijuana for a prescription painkiller in states where the option is available.

The study authors stressed that it’s not clear if the opioid painkillers — or, for that matter, marijuana — contributed to any of the car accidents.

Click here to read the published article in the American Journal of Public Health.

To read one of my prior blogs on the use of medical marijuana as a treatment for opioid addiction, click here.

Contact Experienced Health Law Attorneys for Medical Marijuana Concerns.

The Health Law Firm attorneys can assist health care providers and facilities, such as doctors, pharmacists and pharmacies, wanting to participate in the medical marijuana industry. We can properly draft and complete the applications for registration, permitting and/or licensing, while complying with Florida law. We can also represent doctors, pharmacies and pharmacists facing proceedings brought by state regulators or agencies.

To contact The Health Law Firm please call (407) 331-6620 and visit our website at www.TheHealthLawFirm.com.

Sources:

Ingraham, Christopher. “Study: medical pot means less opioid use.” Orlando Sentinel. (September 16, 2016). Print.

Dotinga, Randy. “Do medical pot states have less opioid abuse?” WebMD News from HealthDay. (September 15, 2016). Web.

About the Author: George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., is Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law. He is the President and Managing Partner of The Health Law Firm, which has a national practice. Its main office is in the Orlando, Florida, area. www.TheHealthLawFirm.com The Health Law Firm, 1101 Douglas Ave., Altamonte Springs, FL 32714, Phone: (407) 331-6620.

KeyWords: Marijuana treatment for opioid addiction, alternative addiction treatment, alternative for painkillers, medical marijuana defense attorney, American Journal of Public Health, medical marijuana for patients with chronic pain, substituting medical marijuana for prescription opioid painkillers, lawyer for medical marijuana growers and distributors, health lawyers for marijuana distributors, legal counsel for marijuana growers and distributors, medical marijuana laws, medical marijuana legalization, medical marijuana lawyer, defense attorney, reviews of The Health Law Firm, The Health Law Firm attorney reviews, The Health Law Firm, attorneys for physicians, pharmacist legal defense attorney, Board of Medicine defense lawyer, Department of Health defense counsel

“The Health Law Firm” is a registered fictitious business name of George F. Indest III, P.A. – The Health Law Firm, a Florida professional service corporation, since 1999.
Copyright © 2016 The Health Law Firm. All rights reserved.

By |2016-11-08T08:41:34+00:00May 15th, 2018|Medical Education Law Blog|0 Comments

Medical Students, Residents and Fellows Need to Properly Disclose Medical Disabilities in advance of problems

4 Indest-2009-3By George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law

We are often retained to provide legal representation to medical school students, residents and fellows who run into difficulties and have disputes with their medical schools or programs. This may be after they are required to repeat a year, terminated from the program, or have other adverse action taken against them. When this occurs and we investigate the details, occasionally we find that the individual we are representing has a medical history of mental health issues that may have caused or contributed to the problems they are facing.

In many situations, the troubles that are faced could have been avoided if the student or resident had disclosed their medical condition to the school, program, or institution, and requested reasonable accommodations. However, after the adverse action has been taken it is often (but not always) too late to do this.

Use the institution’s forms to report a medical condition or disability.

All major medical schools, universities, residency programs, and hospitals in the United States have offices or departments to receive reports of medical conditions and disabilities and to assist the student/resident in obtaining support, resources and reasonable accommodations to help the student/resident be successful. However, if the institution is never notified of the medical condition or disability and is never given the opportunity to provide reasonable accommodations, then the student/resident has failed to take advantage of an opportunity that exists which may have helped prevent the adverse action that was taken.

If you have a medical condition or disability of any kind, especially one such as depression, learning disability, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder, ADHD, a disease or illness which may affect your performance, or other condition that classifies as an illness or disability, you should be sure that this is diagnosed by the appropriate physician. You must also have that physician formulate reasonable accommodations that your institution, program, school or hospital can take that would help you to accommodate your condition. You should then complete the forms that your institution uses to report this and request reasonable accommodations to help you.

Don’t fear stigma from reporting a medical condition or illness.

We most often find that our clients have failed to report a medical condition or illness and request reasonable accommodations out of a fear that their program, professors, attendings and colleagues will discriminate against them and see them in a lesser light. Actually, the opposite is true. If a medical student our resident is failing academically, is unable to pass exams, or does not appear to be able to handle clinical rotations, it is more likely that the institution will feel that the person does not have the capability or motivation to succeed. However, by disclosing the medical condition or disability, this helps to explain such matters.

 

Illegal to discriminate based on disability or illness.

There are a number of federal laws and often state laws which protect a student or resident who has a medical disability or illness against discrimination. Additionally, almost all major colleges, universities and institutions have policies and procedures in place which prevent this. However, if the resident or student has not disclosed the medical condition or disability to anyone, there can be no argument made that the person was discriminated against because of this. Therefore, disclosure and a request for reasonable accommodation may be a big benefit in challenging adverse actions.

 

Contact Experienced Health Law Attorneys Representing Medical Students, Residents and Fellows.

The Health Law Firm routinely represents medical students, residents and fellows who run into difficulties and have disputes with their medical schools or programs. We also represent other health providers in investigations, regulatory matters, licensing issues, litigation, inspections and audits involving the DEA, Department of Health (DOH) and other law enforcement agencies. Its attorneys include those who are board certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law as well as licensed health professionals who are also attorneys.

To contact The Health Law Firm, please call (407) 331-6620 or (850) 439-1001 and visit our website at www.TheHealthLawFirm.com.

 

About the Author: George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law is an attorney with The Health Law Firm, which has a national practice. Its main office is in the Orlando, Florida, area. www.TheHealthLawFirm.com The Health Law Firm, 1101 Douglas Avenue, Altamonte Springs, Florida 32714, Phone: (407) 331-6620.

KeyWords: Legal representation for medical students, legal representation for residents, legal representation for fellows, legal representation for disputes with medical programs and institutions, investigation by National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME), United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE), USMLE preparation course, USMLE hearings, USMLE appeals, foreign medical student defense lawyer, medical graduate defense attorney, defense lawyer for doctors, legal representation fro physicians, residents and intern legal representation, medical student attorney, medical resident lawyer, medical intern lawyer, civil proceeding, criminal proceeding, administrative proceeding, medical administrative hearings, administrative law, medical student legal defense counsel, medical resident lawyer, medical resident defense attorney, medical intern lawyer, medical intern attorney, accused of irregular behavior, The Health Law Firm reviews

“The Health Law Firm” is a registered fictitious business name of and a registered service mark of The Health Law Firm, P.A., a Florida professional service corporation, since 1999.
Copyright © 2017 The Health Law Firm. All rights reserved.

 

By |2017-03-24T20:38:46+00:00May 15th, 2018|Medical Education Law Blog|1 Comment

Normalization Of Business Relations With Cuba Could Lead To U.S. Patients Seeing Lower Drug Prices

4 Indest-2009-3By George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law

The Obama administration announced on October 14, 2016 its decision to lift a long-standing ban on importing Cuban pharmaceuticals into the United States.  If the policy change is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), this could bring Cuba’s low-cost, creditable medicines to the U.S.  This presents an interesting side effect for the normalization of business relationships that we have not seen before.  That is, if patients will be able to obtain drugs at the much lower prices that Cuba pays for them by importing them from Cuba?

Benefits Of A Policy Change.

This policy change could allow American researchers the chance to lead joint research with Cuba’s researchers and the opportunity for Cuba’s care-delivery models. These models are known worldwide for their essential care and conveying solid results in spite of their lack of resources.  Dr. Pedro Greer, a Cuban-American who is associate dean for community engagement at the Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine at Florida International University, made a statement that Cuban vaccines are recognized for there high quality.

According to the Cuba Business Report, multiple Cuban drugs have already been approved or trialed in countries like Europe, Asia and Canada. To read the full report, click here.

What Are The Changes?

The Obama administration’s changes would also include legalizing imported Cuban merchandise such as alcohol and cigars. The administration feels that this change would open a world of business, as well as research opportunities, for American manufacturers and academic institutions.  Dr. Greer said that the Cuban biotech industry is mature and ready for a joint venture with a U.S. company or even an academic institute.

Dr. Ross McKinney, chief scientific officer at the Association of American Medical Colleges believes this policy change could be an opportunity to gain knowledge from one of the most cultured healthcare delivery and training programs in Latin America.

Dr. McKinney said, in terms of research, Cuban academics have a lot of knowledge to provide Americans, especially when it comes to vector-borne illness such as the Zika virus.  Dr. McKinney predicts U.S. medical researchers will want to engage in joint clinical trails with Cuba, as they have already done so with Caribbean islands such as Puerto Rico and the Bahamas.

Contact Experienced Health Law Attorneys.

The Health Law Firm routinely represents pharmacists, pharmacies, physicians, nurses and other health providers in investigations, regulatory matters, licensing issues, litigation, inspections and audits involving the DEA, Department of Health (DOH) and other law enforcement agencies. Its attorneys include those who are board certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law as well as licensed health professionals who are also attorneys.

To contact The Health Law Firm, please call (407) 331-6620 or (850) 439-1001 and visit our website at www.TheHealthLawFirm.com.

Sources:
Rubenfire, Adam. “Cuban Pharmaceutical Imports To U.S. Could Lead To Lower Drug Prices. “Vital Signs. (October 26, 2016). Web.

About the Author: George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law is an attorney with The Health Law Firm, which has a national practice. Its main office is in the Orlando, Florida, area. www.TheHealthLawFirm.com  The Health Law Firm, 1101 Douglas Avenue, Altamonte Springs, Florida 32714, Phone: (407) 331-6620.

KeyWords:  U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Obama administration lifting ban on Cuban imported pharmaceuticals, The Health Law Firm, Cuban imports of medical products and equipment, complex health care business transaction attorneys, defense of pharmacy and pharmacists attorney, reviews of The Health Law Firm, The Health Law Firm attorney reviews, consumer reports of Cuban medical business, consumers reducing prices of medications, legal representation for pharmaceutical companies, legal representation for FDA investigations, doing business with Cuba legal counsel, legal counsel for research studies, medical research defense attorney, legal opinion on complex medical business transactions, legal opinion on complex health care business transactions

“The Health Law Firm” is a registered fictitious business name of George F. Indest III, P.A. – The Health Law Firm, a Florida professional service corporation, since 1999.
Copyright © 2016 The Health Law Firm. All rights reserved.

By |2016-11-22T07:00:51+00:00May 15th, 2018|Medical Education Law Blog|0 Comments
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