Steps to Take If You Receive an OIG Subpoena from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Attorney and Author HeadshotBy George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) issues investigative subpoenas through the Office of the Inspector General (OIG). This agency investigates allegations of fraud, waste, and abuse of Medicare, Medicaid, and other federally funded healthcare programs. These subpoenas are very broad, usually requiring the production of thousands of pages of documents. Click here to see a sample of a subpoena duces tecum issued by the OIG. 

Immediate Action to Take If You Receive an OIG or DHHS Subpoena.

Immediately review the subpoena in detail to see what it requests and from whom. A subpoena may be issued to or served on the wrong person or organization. If so, have your attorney contact the issuer and attempt to resolve the matter. Document everything in writing.

However, the most important thing you can do is to contact an experienced healthcare attorney. There is something going on that has led to an investigation so you need to try to get to the bottom of it. A review of the documents being subpoenaed will give you and your experienced healthcare attorney an idea of what type of case is being investigated by the OIG. Additionally, your attorney can contact and begin dealing with the OIG’s Office and the U.S. Attorney’s Office if it is involved.

Many Different Circumstances Can Lead to Investigation and Subpoena.

If someone has filed a False Claims Act (FCA) complaint or suit, also known as a whistleblower or qui tam suit, this may be why the OIG is investigating. A patient complaint can cause an investigation to be opened. A suspicion of violating the rules for Medicare and Medicaid participation, including the Conditions of Participation or the Conditions for Payment (Federal Regulations). For example, if you have committed violations of program requirements such that the government can seek Civil Monetary Penalties, this may give rise to such an investigation. If you are suspected of Medicare fraud, including upcoding or billing for medically unnecessary supplies or services, this may lead to such an investigation. The matter is serious, so you should retain experienced healthcare counsel.

Follow These Steps to Enable an Organized Response:

1. Immediately review the subpoena to ensure you know the expected delivery date of the requested documents and how they will be delivered.

2. Immediately retain the services of an experienced healthcare attorney to start dealing with the OIG or any other government office involved.

3. Immediately start assembling the documents requested by the subpoena so they may be reviewed by your attorney before they are reorganized, labeled, page numbered, and produced. This will take longer than you think.

4. Request an extension of time to respond, if needed, before the due date for the production of the documents. These are routinely given, especially for large document productions. Document the granting of the extension of time in writing.

5. Completely read the instructions given in the subpoena regarding how documents produced are to be organized, page-numbered, labeled, copied, and delivered. It is essential to produce them this way to the address requested.

6. If documents are archived, in storage, require the re-reinstallation of old software to reproduce, or otherwise will take a long time to produce, request a “rolling production.” This is an agreement to produce the documents as you obtain them.

7. In reviewing the documents and the subpoena, attempt to determine exactly what the OIG and agency may be investigating. This will afford you time to begin preparation for your defense.

8. Do not personally communicate with OIG special agents, other investigators, or attorneys working for the OIG or U.S. Attorney’s Office. Anything you say to them, orally or in writing, can be used against you in their case. Any incorrect or false information you provide, orally or in writing, can result in a felony charge under 18 U.S.C. Sect. 1001. Have your attorney do all communicating.

9. Remember, you do not have to produce any documents in your custody. Likewise, you do not have to create documents to produce.

10. Never alter, destroy, delete or create documents for which the subpoena is issued after you have received the subpoena. Consider all documents to be “frozen.” Also, immediately notify whoever is in charge of your document retention or document destruction program (if you have one) to ensure no further documents are destroyed or deleted.

11. If you do not have a document destruction program for obsolete documents in place as you read this blog, then you need to create one (subject to number 10 immediately above). Make sure it addresses e-mails, text messages, messages over social media (such as Instagram and Whats App), electronically stored documents, and any paper copies. Do not keep any documents for longer than you are required to keep them by law (including federal regulations).

12. Provide an explanation for any documents or categories of records that you should have but were destroyed by natural disasters, fires, etc. Include documentation (fire department, police report, insurance company appraisal, etc.) that shows this. Do not ever lie or exaggerate.

For additional information, click here to read one of the recent blogs on preparing for a healthcare audit request.

Contact Health Law Attorneys Experienced in Handling Medicaid and Medicare Audits.

The Health Law Firm’s attorneys routinely represent physicians, medical groups, clinics, pharmacies, durable medical equipment (DME) suppliers, home health agencies, nursing homes, and other healthcare providers in Medicaid and Medicare investigations, audits, and recovery actions.

To contact The Health Law Firm, call (407) 331-6620 or toll-free (888) 331-6620 and visit our website at

About the Author: George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., is Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law. He is the President and Managing Partner of The Health Law Firm, which has a national practice. Its main office is in the Orlando, Florida, area. The Health Law Firm, 1101 Douglas Ave. Suite 1000, Altamonte Springs, FL 32714, Phone: (407) 331-6620 or toll-free (888) 331-6620.

KeyWords: Healthcare fraud legal defense representation, healthcare fraud defense lawyer, Office of Inspector General (OIG) subpoena lawyer, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) subpoena lawyer, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) audit defense attorney, Office of Inspector General (OIG) investigation defense attorney, legal representation for Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) audit, legal representation for Office of Inspector General (OIG) audit, Office of Inspector General (OIG) Medicare exclusion attorney, Medicare audit defense legal counsel, Medicare overpayment demand attorney, Office of Inspector General (OIG) Medicare exclusion legal defense counsel, attorney legal representation for OIG notice of intent to exclude, legal representation for Medicare and Medicaid audits, health care fraud defense attorney, legal representation for health care fraud, reviews for The Health Law Firm, The Health Law Firm attorney reviews, healthcare fraud legal representation

“The Health Law Firm” is a registered fictitious business name of and a registered service mark of The Health Law Firm, P.A., a Florida professional service corporation, since 1999.
Copyright © 2022 The Health Law Firm. All rights reserved.